Oracle 12c Multitenant – Inmemory admin basics

A couple of very, very basic observations on getting going with 12c Inmemory in a multitenant database.

1. When trying to set inmemory_size within a PDB when inmemory_size is 0 in the CDB
ORA-02096: specified initialization parameter is not modifiable with this option

SQL> alter session set container = cdb$root;

Session altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0

SQL> alter session set container = orcl;

Session altered.

SQL> alter session set inmemory_size=100M;

alter session set inmemory_size=100M
                  *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02096: specified initialization parameter is not modifiable with this option

2. You have to use scope=spfile when setting inmemory on CDB and it requires restart to take effect

SQL> alter session set container = cdb$root;

Session altered.

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size = 500M;

alter system set inmemory_size = 500M
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02097: parameter cannot be modified because specified value is invalid
ORA-02095: specified initialization parameter cannot be modified

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size = 500M scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> select * from v$sga;

NAME                 VALUE      CON_ID
-------------------- ---------- ----------
Fixed Size           2926472    0
Variable Size        1224738936 0
Database Buffers     905969664  0
Redo Buffers         13848576   0

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2147483648 bytes
Fixed Size               2926472 bytes
Variable Size            1275070584 bytes
Database Buffers         318767104 bytes
Redo Buffers             13848576 bytes
In-Memory Area           536870912 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

3. You don’t use scope when setting in a PDB otherwise
ORA-02096: specified initialization parameter is not modifiable with this option

SQL> alter session set container = orcl;

Session altered.

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=400M scope=spfile;

alter system set inmemory_size=400M scope=spfile
                                               *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02096: specified initialization parameter is not modifiable with this option

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=400M;

System altered.

4. If you try to set the PDB inmemory_size larger than the CDB then you get
ORA-02097: parameter cannot be modified because specified value is invalid

SQL> alter session set container = orcl;

Session altered.

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=600M;

alter system set inmemory_size=600M
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02097: parameter cannot be modified because specified value is invalid
ORA-02095: specified initialization parameter cannot be modified

Added:

5. Similar to point (2), if we change the inmemory size of the CDB, we have to restart for it to take effect

SQL> select sys_context('USERENV','CON_NAME') from dual;

SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','CON_NAME')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CDB$ROOT

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=500M scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
218103808

SQL> shutdown immediate  
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2147483648 bytes
Fixed Size               2926472 bytes
Variable Size            1157630072 bytes
Database Buffers         436207616 bytes
Redo Buffers             13848576 bytes
In-Memory Area           536870912 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> 

6. If we modify inmemory_size for PDB, it takes effect immediately (presumably because all it really is a maximum quota on the actual memory structure established in the CDB?):

SQL> alter session set container = orcl;

Session altered.

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=200M;

System altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
209715200

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size=400M;

System altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
419430400

7. While we showed in point (4) that a single PDB inmemory_size cannot exceed the CDB size, we can overallocate such “maximum quotas” across all PDBs – i.e. the sum of inmemory_size for all PDBs can exceed CDB size (prompts future investigations):

SQL> alter session set container=cdb$root;

Session altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
536870912

SQL> alter session set container=orcl;

Session altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
419430400

SQL> alter session set container=cdb$root;

Session altered.

SQL> create pluggable database dom from orcl file_name_convert=
 2  ('/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/cdb1/orcl',
 3  '/home/oracle/app/oracle/oradata/cdb1/dom');

Pluggable database created.

SQL> alter pluggable database dom open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> alter session set container = dom;

Session altered.

SQL> alter system set inmemory_size = 400M;

System altered.

SQL> select value from v$parameter where name = 'inmemory_size';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
419430400
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: